Since its inception, CO2CRC has made significant contribution to the science of carbon capture through its unique research assets.

Past capture research program

CO2CRC’s capture research program commenced in 2003 and focused on a number of themes:

  • Developing materials and processes for CO2 capture from post-combustion and pre-combustion gas streams.
  • Designing for optimal heat integration.
  • Reducing the cost of capture.

In collaboration with five universities in Australia, a range of CO2 capture techniques were investigated such as:

  • Gas separation and capture technologies for a wide range of carbon dioxide producing applications including post combustion, pre-combustion and oxyfuels, power and natural gas production, and for all fossil fuel energy sources such as black and brown coal, natural gas and biofuels.
  • Gas absorption processes.
  • Gas separation and gas absorption membranes.
  • Solid adsorption products and processes.
  • Cryogenic and hydrate gas separation processes.
  • Other hybrid applications.


Resulting Publications

Anderson, C., et al., Developments in the CO2CRC UNO MK 3 Process: A Multi-component Solvent Process for Large Scale CO2 Capture. Energy Procedia, 2013. 37: p. 225-232
Link to publication reference

Smith, K.H., et al., Outcomes from pilot plant trials of precipitating potassium carbonate solvent absorption for CO2 capture from a brown coal fired power station in Australia. Fuel Processing Technology, 2017. 155: p. 252-260.
Link to publication reference

Qader, A., et al., Learnings from CO2CRC Capture Pilot Plant Testing – Assessing Technology Development. Energy Procedia, 2017. 114: p. 5855-5868
Link to publication reference

Pandit, J.K., et al., Analysis of a precipitating solvent absorption process for reducing CO2 emissions from black coal fired power generation. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 2014. 29: p. 50-60.
Link to publication reference

Anderson, C., et al., Novel pre-combustion capture technologies in action–Results of the CO2CRC/HRL Mulgrave capture project. Energy Procedia, 2011. 4: p. 1192-1198
Link to publication reference

Scholes, C.A., et al., Membrane gas–solvent contactor trials of CO2 absorption from syngas. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2012. 195-196: p. 188-197
Link to publication reference

Qader, A., et al., Novel post-combustion capture technologies on a lignite fired power plant – results of the CO2CRC/H3 capture project. Energy Procedia, 2011. 4: p. 1668-1675
Link to publication reference

Ferrarra, G., et al., Exergetic and Exergoeconomic Analysis of Three Different Technologies for Post-combustion CO2 Capture. Energy Procedia, 2017. 114: p. 6455-6464
Link to publication reference

Harkin, T., A. Hoadley, and B. Hooper, Process integration analysis of a brown coal-fired power station with CO2 capture and storage and lignite drying. Energy Procedia, 2009. 1(1): p. 3817-3825.
Link to publication reference

Major projects

The work resulted in innovative techniques to reduce costs and resulted in several worldwide patents. An important aspect of commercialising technologies is to demonstrate them at ever increasing scale, thus moving from laboratory and desk-based studies to plant-based installations. CO2CRC has been involved in several major capture demonstration projects:

The Uno MK3 Project

The Uno MK3 Project, completed in 2013, at the former Hazelwood Power Station in Victoria’s Latrobe Valley, which trialled CO2CRC-developed UNO capture technology as well as adsorption and membrane technologies. The technology is now owned and marketed by Uno Technologies and is subject to a number of world-wide patents.

The H3 Capture Project

The H3 Capture Project, completed in 2011, which trialled three post-combustion capture technologies at Hazelwood Power Station. The project was supported by International Power and the Victorian Government and investigated a range of solvent absorption technologies in a 25 tonne/day PCC demonstration plant and membrane and adsorbent technologies in a 1 tonne/day purpose-built research plant.

The Mulgrave Capture Project

The Mulgrave Capture Project, completed in 2010, which used a research gasifier to trial three technologies – solvent, membrane and adsorbent with the aim of reducing the risk and cost of pre-combustion capture within power plants. The project was supported by HRL Developments and the Victorian Government.

Each of these projects provided invaluable data and experience that has led to the development of a range of new separation technologies and CO2CRC’s current research portfolio.

The Uno MK3 Research Project at the former Hazelwood power station

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